"Topics are explored pertaining to the process of construction estimating and bidding techniques and the preparation of the contractor's bid proposal. Quantity takeoff, crew sizes, daily outputs, unit costs and organization of the bid packages into general contracted and subcontracted work topics will include the discussion and quantification of construction materials, labor, and equipment for the construction bidding process. Risk analysis, market conditions and construction complexity will be presented. The use of computer estimating programs, industry standards and cost data publications will be used to develop conceptual and final construction cost estimations. Emphasis will be placed on planning, organization and efficient execution of the estimation process based on common industry practices and actual project estimation exercises."